Institute of Correctional Administration, Chandigarh

It has been actively involved in imparting training to prison and police officers of the country and also conducting various research activities.During the year 2018, ICA conducted 22 courses/workshops in which 500 officers were trained.

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Outreach training programmes

During the year 2012, the Institute of Correctional Administration, Chandigarh organized outreach training programme on ‘Prisons and Security Management’ at Mumbai Maharashtra for the prison officers of various States on 6th and 7th February, 2012. Another outreach training programme on “Prisoners’ Reintegration and Use of Open Prisons in India” was also conducted at Jaipur, Rajasthan from 10th – 12th April, 2012.

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Interns

Students from various Universities come to ICA for internship placement. During the year 2012, the interns from various Universities / Institutes like students from Law Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh; Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala, Punjab; KIIT Law School, Bhubaneswar, Orissa and Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai came to ICA, Chandigarh for doing their internship in order to get first hand exposure to Criminal Justice issues.

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"The Institute has also undertaken various research projects on Prison Administration and Human Rights. Human Rights concern is an important area of concern and finds its due importance in the training programmes. "

Activities

The Institute of Correctional Administration, Chandigarh organizes Orientation / Refresher & Specialized Training programmes for prison officers of various States. Specialized seminars / workshops for Police and Prison Officers are also being continuously conducted by the Institute. Apart from this, various research projects are undertaken by the Institute. Interns from various Universities also join here for their internship.


Research


1. Devised an 'Inspection Format for Prisons' at special request of N.H.R.C. This has been accepted for use throughout the Country.
2. The Problem of Overcrowding in Indian Prisons : A Study of Undertrials as one of the Factors. (For ICA on request of Ministry of Home Affairs, Delhi). 1999-2000
3. Impact of Human Rights Training Programme : Using Some Empirical Parameters (for British Council and F.C.O., UK). 2001. (Publication of 2003).
4. Conducted a Situational Study on 'Prevention of Torture - Its Meaning, Prevalence and Prevention' on behalf of National Human Rights Commission and British Council, New Delhi under the Indo-British Project on Promoting Good Custodial Practices. (2003).
5. Research Project on 'Key Performance Indicators in Prison Service' . This project was sponsored by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), MHA, New Delhi during the year 2003-04.
6. Research Project on 'Modalities to Reduce Undertrial Prisoners in Prisons'. This project was sponsored by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), MHA, New Delhi in the year 2005
7. Research Project on 'Problem of Custodial Death and Analysis'. This project was sponsored by the Punjab State Human Rights Commission, Chandigarh in the year 2006
8. Research Project on 'Best Practices in Prisons', sponsored by the BPR&D in the year 2009.
9. Research on “Survey of Quality of life of Women Prisoners” in 2019



Recommendations emerged from the National Seminar on ‘Prison Reforms : Need for Paradigm Shift’ on 18th July, 2017 - Resolution

The Haryana Prison Department, Panchkula in collaboration with the Institute of Correctional Administration, Chandigarh organized a one-day National Seminar on ‘Prison Reforms : Need for Paradigm Shift’ to celebrate the Nelson Mandela International Day on 18th July, 2017 at Police Complex, Moginand, Panchkula for all the functionaries of Criminal Justice System. Prison officers from the States of Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, and New Delhi participated in this Seminar. Apart from this, University students, Academicians and Doctors and Social Activists also participated in this National Seminar. The following recommendations were made :
1. There should be no disqualification for getting government jobs for the prisoners who have served their sentence and have been released.
2. Life Convict Prisoners who have served their sentence and have been released should be treated at par with those below the poverty line so that they may be able to get the benefit of all the government related schemes.
3. Prison staff should be granted all the pay and allowances to at par with the Police.
4. That living conditions for prison inmates and also prison staff should be enabling the maintaining of human dignity and as per the norms laid down in the Model Prison Manual, 2016.
5. On the issues of Health and Well-Being of Prisoners and staff, focus on the health care services and continuity of treatment should be there as prisoners health is a part of community health.
6. Both physical and mental health of prisoners and staff needs to be in focus. Psychologists / Counsellors and Social Workers should be attached with each prison to provide for counseling services and to take care of the mental health of prison inmates.
7. Tele-medicine can be initiated in the prisons with the link up with PGI, Chandigarh or any other advanced medical Hospital.
8. Women prisoners must be provided with adequate health care facilities and basic facilities for maintaining their hygiene.
9. Rehabilitation of prisoners - The States need to have an after care and follow-up of released prisoners. There should be a rehabilitation policy focusing on the reintegration of prisoners.
10. An increase in the wages being provided to the prisoners in Haryana is recommended as it would motivate prisoners to work in the prisons and also provide for their families.
11. A rehabilitation grant should be provided to the prisoners at the time of release so that they are able to start their own work programmes.
12. The system of open prisons which has been running very successfully in some of the States, needs to be started in the State of Haryana.
13. Prison staff play a crucial role in implementation of prison reforms and it is important to motivate them to bring in changes and prison reforms. Pay parity between police and prison staff (which is major cause of grievance) should be granted. The role of prison staff is equally important and challenging since they are the ones who deal with all types of criminals and for a longer duration time. Salaries should be adequate to attract and retain suitable men and women; employment benefits and conditions of service shall be favourable in view of the exacting nature of the work.
14. The Prison Act and the Prison Manual for the States of Haryana should be updated as per the latest correctional developments.